Tombstones of Imotski - World Heritage

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The region of Imotski has 454 medieval tombstones, of which 87 are on the site Crljivica, necropolis near the village of Cista Provo. These stones of...

 

About Imotski

The region of Imotski is situated behind the mountain Biokovo, on the border of Bosnia and Herzegovina with Dalmatia . It occupies an area of ​​approximately 600 km2 .

The region is located at an altitude of 260 meters ( Field of Imotski ) to 440 meters ( town Imotski ). Region of Imotski can be divided into three natural zones: the karst area along the perimeter of the field, spacious karst areas and bays in the wider area - field of Imotski, and a large mountain range Biokovo.

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In this vast area of karst, water is scooped out and formed an abundance of diverse forms, especially the lakes. Mainly dry ones. Water surfaces are concentrated in the karst lakes (Blue and Red, Two eyes, Prološko lake, Galipovac lake, Krenica, Jezerina etc.) feed by the underground water flows. Karst region of Imotski has a poor vegetation where undergrowth prevails - underbrush, while in mountain areas has mostly deciduous forests: oak , hornbeam and ash. People are mainly engaged in farming.

Another relief unit is field of Imotski with Mud of Proložac, and the river Vrljika. Mud of Proložac as occasional and natural reservoir of water, covers two karst lakes. In the middle of lakeMud of Proložac, there is an island where there are the remains of a former Franciscan monastery. This complex is more interesting as a hydrographic phenomenon, favorable for hunting and fishing than as a phenomenon of karst topography. Spring of Vrljika is important because of a series of karst springs and lakes (Two eyes). The importance of this river is invaluable for the field of Imotski. Vrljika is otherwise known because of its rare endemic species as a Soft-muzzled trout. The field of Imotski, almost entirely cultivated, is planted mainly with vines.

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Mountain Range Biokovo with accessible point offers remarkable observation. A peculiar attractions are the permafrost caves, below the peak of Sv. Jure. This range is habitat of chamois and mouflon.

A large part of the Imotski region in terms of climate is influenced by the Mediterranean climate streams. That’s why there you can find Mediterranean cultures (olives, figs, almonds…). However, the cold barrel sleeves that comes over Dinara affect significantly the climate picture, especially the northeastern point of the region.

It is known that this area was inhabited in the Neolithic Age. The fact is witnessed by numerous archaeological finds of stone hammer and ax (Grabovac, Vinjani) and one urn from Slivno dating back to the 1500's. b.C.

The first people that lived in this area are Illyrians. Rich deposits of this period are found in Postranje and Sebišna. Both sites have yielded a wealth of findings.

Christianity in these lands spread early. From that time we have several archaeological sites with remains of early Christian churches. The most important is basilica with two baptistery on the site Bublin (Zmijavci) which dates back to the late 5th century.

Another important churchs from this time are on the sites in Proložac and Cista. After the Croats came in this area, a separate unit of Croatian parishes Emotha – Imota, was established. From that time dates also the fortress Topana in Imotski. 

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Ballad of Hasanaginica

Hasanaginica is the Croatian folk ballad. It is not just an unknown song, but the famous ballad, one of the most translated folk ballads.

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Even today - age, time and exact place of the ballad is shrouded in a veil of secrecy. There is also a controversial issue of authorship ballad Hasanaginica. It’s only sure that Alberto Fortis writed it first.

Content:
Wounded Turkish officer Asan suffering in the mountains. He is visited by his mother and sister, while his wife Hasanaginica is at home with five children, struggling with shame and does not dare to visit wounded husband. Officer Asan in a fit of furious anger, tells his wife that he does not want to live with her anymore. Injured Hasanaginicas’ brother takes his sister of her five children and returnes her to parents' home. Her brother marries her against her will, with a judge from Imotski.

At the day of her wedding, Hasanaginica asks her brother to stop infront of her ex-house, just to see her children. Husband Asan, deeply unhappy, was watching all, through the window.

Good Hasanaginica was listening to her husband's loud rebuke and she falls dead. Children are left without a mother, Asan without the woman he loved, and wedding without a bride.

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Ballad of Gavan

Read more: Ballad of GavanA long time ago, there lived a rich Gavan in a beautiful palace on the edge of the RedLake. All the field of Imotski and all the region were his, too. He lived a very wicked life and he was a great glutton. His door was always closed for the poor ones, and when and if he opened it, it would have been just to beat the piss out of them and drive them away.


His wife Gavanuša was even worse. She did not know God, and she never helped the poor ones, but only mocked and laughed at them, forcing them outside the court door. Gavan had many sons and daughters, and thought to spend eternity with them. Of course, the children were the same as parents.

One day Gavan decides to make a great feast for his friends , who were also perverse and greedy as he was. They were exaggerating in everything. At that moment an angel appears in the form of ragged poor, asking the crumb of bread for himself and the hungry little children that were with him in the name of God. When Gavan noticed the poor, he was very angry that he bored during his feast. Gavan sons and daughters immediately runs to let the dogs to tear the poor man and his children . In the last moment, Gavanuša stoped the children and dogs, because she was pregnant and she was afraid that such evil will hurt her. She got up from the table, took a piece of bread and pushed it with her left foot in front of the poor. The angel took a piece of bread, kissed it and distributed among the kids. Then he asked Gavanuša: "Give me my lady, a drop of water for me and these little children, and God will give you the integrity of your labor and property." Instead grace Gavanuša swung his leg to hit the poor, saying: "What will I do with your God, while I have my Gavan?".

This behavior irritated angel, who throwed the seedy clothes, and got a fiery sword of God's Court, cursing Gavan , Gavanuša , their children , guests and all Gavan's court. In that moment, the earth shook terribly, all the Gavans’ yard with Gavan, Gavanuša, their children and all the guests has disappear into the hole.

At that point arised RedLake, and other lakes in Imotski, as we know them today. Even to this day at the edge of RedLake, there are the walls, of which are said to be the remains of Gavans’ house.

wrote: Šimun Milinović "Vienac"  at 1876.